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The Function of Space in Victorian Gothic Liter...
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Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1.3, University of Bonn (Institut für Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Keltologie), course: Victorian Literature an Culture, language: English, abstract: This paper deals with the use of different spaces in the two Victorian Gothic stories "The Picture of Dorian Gray" and "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" and compares important places, houses and their meaning for the respective plots. Besides the city of London, which is the common overall setting of both novels and will be discussed in chapter 3, the paper focuses on the house as a traditional space for Gothic fiction and one of the elements that both texts have in common. Preliminarily, the character and meaning of the literal and metaphorical threshold will be made a subject of discussion.A story's setting is an important factor for each literary work. Together with the story time it provides on the one hand a framework for the plot, on the other hand the space around which characters can move more or less freely throughout the story. Literal spaces represent the interaction of different factors, that all characterize the space: among these of course typical place descriptions like nature or architecture of buildings, but also abstract concepts like the weather, light and darkness or countless sensory impressions that a special place can offer, and of course life - human and non-human - that colonizes the space. Literary spaces, however, do not only function as places for actions and happenings but are functionalized in different ways. One purpose of space, that is especially important for Gothic fiction, is to set the mood of the story, which also implies to capture the fears and issues of the respective time and use them to create a certain atmosphere around the plot. During the Victorian era, issues like sciences, especially psychology and the human psyche, were omnipresent. But also urbanisation and thus the metropolis and what may hide in the jungle of houses and streets aroused the fear of many Victorians. Due to this fact, and because of its demography and its great socio-political issues, London is a perfect and likewise popular setting for Victorian Gothic stories. Also Oscar Wilde and a few years later Robert Louis Stevenson chose the metropolis for their Gothic novels "The Picture of Dorian Gray" and "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde".

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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The relationship between text and illustration ...
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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, University of Bonn (Anglistik), course: Native American/First Nations Literature and Culture, language: English, abstract: The following paper will deal with the relationship between text and illustrations in Sherman Alexie's novel "The Absolutely True Story of a Part-Time Indian." Sherman Alexie is a Native American, which he prefers to call Indians, and grew up on the Spokane Reservation, which is also the setting in the novel. His novel partially tells his own story which means it is semi-autobiographical. One of the main topics of his novels, and also very present in this novel, is alcoholism, probably because his father had an alcohol problem as well. It is important to mention that Alexie's novel is not a comic in the first place, because it mainly shows single illustrations which contribute to the text's meaning. It is therefore a graphic novel meaning that it is a narrative with occasional pictures with a dominance of verbal elements. However, there are still five actual comics in the book. Not only writing novels but also poems and short stories his novels present the "nobly suffering Indian" (Campbell) but also the "hard reality of urban life" (Campbell) by also telling the hard naked truth about being Indian.Comics have been out there for several decades, but they have not always enjoyed a broad audience. The genre of comics is often readily dismissed as being for children, young male adolescents and even for sub-literates. This marginalized genre is more than that, it offers topics and themes for everyone, varying from fiction to politics, fantasy, erotica, essays, autobiography and many more. As Douglas Wolk puts it: "comics have grown up". As comics went through a long development of experiencing setbacks and success at the same time, today we have shops exclusively for cartoons, comics or illustrations.As modern literature and culture changed into being more visual and less written the genre of comics and illustrations has become more attractive and popular. Moreover since the Marvel and DC comics and especially their remakes as movies such as Spiderman, Thor, Ironman, Captain America, Avengers, Watchmen, Sin City and many more the genre became more accessible for people who have not had a huge interest in comics beforehand. Although comics are drawn and represent a picture "we read comics. [...] holding them in our hands, turning their pages" (Wolk). When in the 1970s the main topics were "simplistic superhero fantasies or violence" (Bongco) the genre today is also dealing with serious topics.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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Human Resource Controlling in Small and Medium-...
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Bachelor Thesis from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, grade: 2,0, International University of Applied Sciences Bad Honnef - Bonn, language: English, abstract: The comprehensive application of human resource controlling (HRC) instruments for measuring the contribution of human resource management (HRM) to corporate success is already fully implemented in larger corporations. In small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), however, HRC is predominantly insufficiently used. Knowing that, the research focused on components and possible approaches for HRC in SMEs. The research methodology combines the evaluation of relevant academic literature and primary data uncovered out of four expert interviews. The collected data revealed that the application of the controlling process which contains goal definition, performance measurement and comparison, variance analysis and corrective actions can enhance effectiveness and efficiencyof HRM activities. Accordingly, an integrated HRC requires instruments which are operational and strategically aligned, relevant, goal and future oriented. Assessing the impactof HRM activities, possible controlling instruments are the balanced scorecard with its learning and growth perspective mainly important for HRM and the human resource scorecard (HRSC) which evaluates HRM activities in the scope of value creation for workforce success. Related measurements are, for instance, the audit and analytical approach, the full-time equivalent, the human resource portfolio and applications out of human capital management. Having compared HRC in larger corporations and SMEs, the research concludes that possible approaches for HRC should be implemented by executing a projectand for further improvement of already existing HRC systems the introduction of a HRSC might be appropriate. Finally, HRC in SMEs should be based on an integrated HRM in order to evaluate and control HR activities operationally and strategically.Key words:Human resource management, HR-Controlling, Small and medium-sized enterprises

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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English scholars translate Greek into Latin. Th...
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Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Other, grade: 1,0, University of Bonn (Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Keltologie), course: The English Renaissance, language: English, abstract: The paper analyses five epigrams in Thomas More's and William Lily's work "Progymnasmata" and elaborates on the translation techniques used by the two scholars with reference to their adaptation from the Greek original, word choice, syntactic preferences, metrical qualities and other features.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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The Role of Women in Panem. A Discussion of the...
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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1.0, University of Bonn (Institut für Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Keltologie), course: Utopia and Dystopia, language: English, abstract: This paper takes a closer look on Panem's society, the settiing of Suzanne Collins' "Hunger Games" trilogy, and more precisely on the women of Panem including their social and political role in the Capitol as well as in the districts. A special focus will be on whether and how the role of females has changed during the rebellion that entirely starts in the second part of the trilogy. Important male characters are not completely left out though, so that a detailed comparison between men and women is possible. To underline the suspected change in the social and political standing of women and the altered female self-image connected with that, the development of some selected female characters before and during the rebellion is pointed out. This part of the analysis focuses mainly on the protagonist and her little sister Primrose Everdeen, but also includes other characters from the Capitol and the districts."The Hunger Games" by Suzanne Collins is one of the most successful novels of the young 21st century and could not only fascinate young adults, the primary target group, but also gain attention among the adult audience. One reason for the trilogy's great success is certainly the fact that "The Hunger Games" is a typical hybrid novel. By including elements of different genres like romance, war literature, young adult literature and dystopia, it is able to attract and retain a broad audience. Like almost every dystopian novel, Collins' trilogy has a clear socio-political characteristic which, according to the author, has been created "very intentionally [...] to characterize current and past world events". Thus, a close analysis of the fictional society can be helpful to understand the complex story that is built around the (at the beginning) 16-year-old protagonist Katniss Everdeen. "The Hunger Games" is set in Panem, a North-American state of the ulterior future, which is divided into twelve (originally 13) districts and governed by a centralised power, in person of President Snow, from a city called the Capitol. The novel's main plot concentrates on a rebellion, set up by the districts in order to overcome the dictatorship.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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The African Short Story and Gender Role Disorders
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Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Didactics - English - Literature, Works, grade: 1,0, University of Bonn, course: Post-colonial literature: Poverty, language: English, abstract: Examples of gender role disorders in the African patriarchical background in a selected poem and two short stories.From the text:- Women's sexual education in Uganda and Zimbabwe,- Harriet Anena "I died alive" and "The Axe",- Kristina Rungano "The Woman",- Gwendolene Mugodi "A Question of Underwear"

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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The Representation of Homonymy and Polysemy in ...
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Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Bonn (Anglistik), course: Language in the Mind, language: English, abstract: When homonymous meanings are assumed to have separate representations in the human mind does this count for polysemous senses and does the processing advantage differ between homonymous and polysemous words? Since this is a very new perspective in psycholinguistics, not many results have been achieved by now. Thus, this study aims to go further and explain 'the source of the processing advantage' which could have been observed in previous lexical decision studies with ambiguous words. In addition this study will focus on the diverse processing advantages for homonyms and polysemes and attempts to provide a model for the word representation of homonymous and polysemous words. Accordingly, the experiment is constituted as a lexical decision task. The used corpus was adopted from the study of Rodd et al. (2002: 263-264) which built the base for this study. This corpus was used because the present study only included 20 participants which thus only allows a predication to a limited extent. But by choosing this corpus parallels can be drawn between those two experiments and thereby a more general and meaningful statement can be provided.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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Women's life and suffering in the Australian Bu...
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Seminar paper from the year 2015 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2.0, University of Bonn (Institut für Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Keltologie), course: Postcolonial Literatures and Cultures: Theories, Histories, Selected Texts, language: English, abstract: This paper discusses the question in how far Barbara Baynton challenges bush romanticism and the legendary bushman myth by playing with gender roles and stereotypes with a strong focus on the real hard bush life of women. After a theoretical introduction to the whole topic, the realistic depiction of the bush itself as well as the bushwomen and the interaction between both are discussed in Chapter 2. Thereafter, Chapter 3 focusses on the social factors of bush life, on how Baynton describes the relationship between men and women in the bush and how all this influences the female bush inhabitants. The analysis is based on an online version of Bush Studies from 1997.The Australian bush - a mythical and fascinating space that has been the setting of many films and all kinds of literature, and which is an interesting field for literary scholars, especially from the late 19th century, the time of national writing, onwards. During this time, the outback used to be described as a hostile, but also romantic environment, loved and feared by the people who lived there. People, who were perfectly assimilated and happy with their lives in the bush. The legendary bushman myth was born, a myth that described the outward appearance and character of the typical Australian bushman, explaining why he adapted so properly to the hard environment. All these stories, including the origin of the bushman myth itself, were however made up and written down by male authors, who did not intend to include important female characters to their stories. The typical bushman was simply a man. Women and their lives in the bush did not play a big role in the literature of that time. One of the few female writers, who focused on the harshness of bush life, especially for women, was Barbara Baynton. She is said to depict the real bush life of pioneer women at the end of the 19th century instead of presenting a romantic male-centered myth. After Baynton's first published short story "The Chosen Vessel" had appeared in the national paper 'The Sydney Bulletin' under the title "The Tramp", the author was unable to find a publisher in Sydney for a collection of several short stories. It was said that she being a female writer does not know how to control her emotions, which was claimed to be obvious in her writing. In the end, this collection was published far away from Australia, in London, under the title "Bush Studies".

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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Cognitive Semantics. Embodied Cognition and Dyn...
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Seminar paper from the year 2019 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Bonn (IAAK), language: English, abstract: This work aims to add to the body of research in the field of cognitive semantics py hypothesizing that the comprehension of a sentence auditorily presented describing a motion should facilitate the perception of a matching motion event presented visually.To investigate dynamic representation in language comprehension an experiment was created in which 20 participants had to listen to a sentence which was followed by two pictures after which they had to judge whether the objects presented in the pictures were the same or not. Both the sentence and pictures implied the motion of a ball toward or away from the participants. In critical trials, the two pictures always presented the same ball e.g. tennis ball, which was also mentioned in the previous sentence and further either matched or mismatched the direction implied in the previous sentence. To imply motion in the pictures, the object in the first picture was either slightly smaller or larger than the second picture, thus implying a motion away or toward the participant. The paper will start with a comprehensive overview of embodiment theory followed by an introduction to research and findings regarding dynamic mental representations in language comprehension. Afterwards, the methodology of this study will be described including information on the instrument and material used, experimental procedure and informants. The paper will then present most important findings which are relevant to answer the research questions posted. In the following discussion the results will be discussed in the light of previous findings and method used. At last, the paper will summarize all noteworthy results and limitations of the study and will then give an outlook for further related research.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 20.01.2021
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